The drought situation in Maharashtra has continued to further deteriorate in 2013. Deficient rainfall in many parts of Maharashtra, especially in the Marathwada and parts of Western and Central Maharashtra for the last two successive years has severely affected agriculture in the region, which is the main source of livelihood and employment. Following the failure of monsoon in 2011, the Government of Maharashtra declared drought in 7753 villages in 15 districts of the State on October 15, 2011 and on 26 March 2012. The monsoon rains of 2012 too were inadequate. The first half of the monsoon 2012 received extremely low rainfall as compared to normal rainfall throughout the State. The months of August and September received comparatively better rainfall but it was not sufficient to average-out the deficit leading to further deterioration of the existing situation and thereby adversely impacting crop productivity, drinking water sources and fodder supply. The State Government was forced to declare drought in 7896 villages on 9th Jan 2013 and 21st Jan 2013.
Following are amongst the worst drought affected districts of Maharashtra:
Dhule , Jalgaon, Ahmednagar Pune, Solapur, Sangali, Aurangabad, Beed, Osmanabad, Nanded, Jalna
Taking into consideration the entire spell of monsoon season, the rainfall position in many Talukas remained grim. The rainfall remained from 25- 50% of normal in 50 Talukas and below 75% of normal in 136 Talukas. 102 Talukas received 75-100% of normal rainfall.
Due to inadequate rainfall in the consecutive years of 2011 and 2012, cattle camps have been continued till date and as on 5th February 2013, 441 cattle camps were running where 339779 cattle were accommodated.